Social Protection Indicator (SPI) Flowchart


 
Compilation and validation of data
Complete Data ?
Classify each data according to type of Social Protection program -- Labor Market Program (LMP), Social Assistance (SA), or Social Insurance (SI).
For each type of SP program, compute total beneficiaries, total expenditure. Also compute total expenditure for the poor, total expenditure for women, number of women & poor beneficiaries.
Estimate the reference population by LMP, SA, and SI
Derive SPI by LMP, SA, SI; Depth, Breadth; Poor, Non-poor; Women, Men; and Overall SPI
Social Protection Indicator
Impute missing data using SPI estimation guidelines.

Compilation and validation of data

  • Number of beneficiaries of each social protection program
  • Social protection (SP) Expenditure of each social protection program
  • GDP per capita
  • Population aged 60 years and over
  • Population aged 0 to 14 years
  • Employed population
  • Underemployed and unemployed
  • Population living below national poverty line
  • Disabled population
  • Population affected by disaster
  • Poverty targeting ratio
  • Gender targeting ratio
  • SP expenditure for poor beneficiaries of each social protection program
  • SP expenditure for women beneficiaries of each social protection program

Classify each existing social protection program into three categories: Labor Market Program (LMP), Social Assistance (SA), and Social Insurance (SI)

LMP includes employment generation, employment services, and skills development program.

SA includes disaster relief and assistance; educational assistance for children; health assistance for the elderly, disabled, and children; other child protection assistance; and other programs for the elderly and disabled.

SI includes disability insurance, health insurance, maternity insurance, unemployment insurance, work injury insurance, other social insurance, and pension.

Compute the Total beneficiaries, Total SP expenditure, Total SP expenditure for poor beneficiaries, and Total SP expenditure for women beneficiaries for each category (LMP, SA, and SI)

Total beneficiaries refer to the sum of Beneficiaries for social protection programs belonging to a specific category.

Total SP expenditure refers to the sum of SP expenditure for social protection programs belonging to a specific category.

Total SP expenditure for poor beneficiaries is equal to the sum of SP expenditure for poor beneficiaries for social protection programs belonging to a specific category.

Total SP expenditure for women beneficiaries is equal to the sum of SP expenditure for women beneficiaries for social protection programs belonging to a specific category.

Compute the Reference population of each category (LMP, SA, and SI)

Reference population for LMP refers to Underemployed and unemployed. Reference population for SA refers to the sum of Population living below national poverty line, Disabled population, Population affected by disaster, and Population aged 0 to 14 years. Reference population for SI refers to the sum of Employed population and Population aged 60 years and over.

Compute SPI by category (LMP, SA, SI); SPI by depth and breadth; SPI by poverty status (poor and non-poor); SPI by gender (women and men); and Overall SPI.

SPI for a specific category is equal to Total SP expenditures for a specific category divided by the product of Total reference population and GDP per capita.

Depth is equal to Total SP expenditures for a specific category divided by the product of Total number of beneficiaries for a specific category and GDP per capita. Breadth is equal to Total number of beneficiaries for a specific category divided by Total reference population. SPI for a specific category is a product of Depth and Breadth of a specific category.

SPI for poor is equal to Total SP expenditure for poor beneficiaries divided by the product of Total reference population and GDP per capita.

SPI for non-poor is equal to Total SP expenditure for non-poor divided by the product of Total reference population and GDP per capita.

SPI for women is equal to Total SP expenditure for women beneficiaries divided by the product of Total reference population and GDP per capita. SPI for men is equal to Total SP expenditure for men beneficiaries divided by the product of Total reference population and GDP per capita.

Overall SPI is equal to Total SP expenditure of all categories divided by the product of Total reference population and GDP per capita.

Imputation of missing data

  • Estimate Population aged 60 years and over assuming the ratio of Population aged 60 years and over to Total population is constant.
  • Estimate Population aged 0 to 14 years assuming the ratio of Population aged 0 to 14 years to Total population is constant.
  • Estimate Employed population assuming the ratio of Employed to Total population is constant.
  • Estimate Underemployed and unemployed assuming the ratio of Underemployed and unemployed to Total employed population is constant.
  • Estimate Population living below national poverty line assuming Headcount ratio is constant.
  • Estimate Disabled population assuming the ratio of Disabled population to Total population is constant.
  • Estimate Population affected by disaster assuming the ratio of Population affected by disaster to Total population is constant or assuming the Number of actual beneficiaries of disaster assistance is same as target beneficiaries.
  • Estimate SP expenditure for poor beneficiaries of each social protection program by multiplying Poverty targeting ratio and the Total SP expenditure.
  • Estimate SP expenditure for women beneficiaries of each social protection program by multiplying Gender targeting ratio and the Total SP expenditure.


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